Introduction

Your choice of subclass will greatly affect the way you function in combat. Any fighter can swing a weapon, but your most interesting options will often come from your subclass.

Table of Contents

Disclaimer

RPGBOT uses the color coding scheme which has become common among Pathfinder build handbooks, which is simple to understand and easy to read at a glance.

  • Red: Bad, useless options, or options which are extremely situational. Nearly never useful.
  • Orange: OK options, or useful options that only apply in rare circumstances. Useful sometimes.
  • Green: Good options. Useful often.
  • Blue: Fantastic options, often essential to the function of your character. Useful very frequently.

We will not include 3rd-party content, including content from DMs Guild, in handbooks for official content because we can’t assume that your game will allow 3rd-party content or homebrew. We also won’t cover Unearthed Arcana content because it’s not finalized, and we can’t guarantee that it will be available to you in your games.

The advice offered below is based on the current State of the Character Optimization Meta as of when the article was last updated. Keep in mind that the state of the meta periodically changes as new source materials are released and this article will be updating accordingly as time allows.

RPGBOT is unofficial Fan Content permitted under the Fan Content Policy. Not approved/endorsed by Wizards. Portions of the materials used are property of Wizards of the Coast. ©Wizards of the Coast LLC.

Fighter Subclasses

Arcane ArcherXGtE

A really cool concept largely squandered. Arcane Shot is the heart of the subclass, and with just two shots per Short or Loing Rest you can’t afford to rely on your signature ability often enough for it to be a meaningful part of your character. Arcane Archer gets a couple of excellent abilities, but they simply don’t compensate for the massive amount of time you’ll spend wishing that you had more Arcane Shot uses.

If you want to make the Arcane Archer more playable, here are some suggested fixes:

  • Improve the number of Arcane Shot uses:
    • Shots equal to Intelligence Modifier: This adds a bit of MAD to the subclass, which serves as a built-in balancing mechanism. Players will likely sit at around 14 Intelligence, which keeps them at the same number of uses as the published version, but if the player is willing to spend resources on Intelligence instead of feats or something else, they can get additional shots in exchange for the opportunity cost of an ASI which could be spent on a feat instead. It also adds some additional benefit to raising the character’s Intelligence, which in turns makes it more appealing to selecting Arcane Shot options which allow a saving throw.
    • Shots equal to Proficiency Bonus: Automatically scales with level, so as the Fighter gets more attacks and learns more shots they also get to use them more frequently. The progression feels very satisfying, but this is a linear buff to the Arcane Archer be careful that you don’t buff the subclass too much by accident. Tying things to Proficiency Bonus also frequently encourages multiclassing abuse.
  1. Arcane Archer Lore: A skill proficiency and a cantrip. Choose Prestidigitation and then go read my Practical Guide to Prestidigitation and Similar Cantrips.
  2. Arcane Shot: A powerful and versatile ability, but you get just 2 uses between short rests until you get Ever-Ready Shot at 15th level. A lot of people mis-read the feature’s text: you get additional Arcane Shot options, not Arcane Shot uses. Plan to reserve your Arcane Shot uses until doing so is exceptionally beneficial. The saving throws are based on your Intelligence score, which likely won’t be stellar, so your save DC may not be high enough to be reliable. Try to pick options which work against a variety of saving throws and use them on foes which are bad at the chosen saving throw.
    • Banishing Arrow: Take the target creature out of combat for one round. This allows a Charisma saving throw, and most creatures have absolutely terrible Charisma saves, so this is decently reliable even with a poor save DC. Creatures which you might expect to banish (demons, elementals, etc.) often have high Charisma saves, but you’re free to use Banishing Arrow on creatures of any type, so if you want to banish a dinosaur or a zombie or something you’re ready to go.

      At high level this adds a little bit of damage, but it’s a negligible quantity of damage and it doesn’t improve Banishing Arrow’s usefulness.

    • Beguiling Arrow: Prevents the target from attacking one of your allies for one round, and does a little bit of bonus damage. This allows a saving throw and relies on the Charmed condition, so many creatures will be resistant, immune, or will have a good chance of resisting simply due to a decent Wisdom score.
    • Bursting Arrow: A bit of extra damage and AOE damage with no saving throw. Excellent in an opening volley against groups of enemies, but it also requires that your enemies be numerous and tightly packed to make this worthwhile. Unfortunately, Bursting Arrow’s damage bonus isn’t “extra damage” so the damage isn’t multiplied on a critical hit.
    • Enfeebling Arrow: Creatures that rely on weapon attacks tend to have good Constitution saving throws. Banishing Arrow will be more effective if you need an enemy not to do any damage for a turn.
    • Grasping Arrow: Bonus damage and a speed debuff with ongoing damage. The target can waste its action to attempt to remove the brambles, but even if they succeed they’ve wasted their Action for a turn, which is a trade that you should be very happy to make.
    • Piercing Arrow: Bonus damage, hit everything in a line, and ignore full cover. Unfortunately it’s hard to hit more than two creatures with a line, and since the line is only 30 feet long you’ll need to be in close quarters to use this. Plan to spend as much movement as possible moving away after using this.
    • Seeking Arrow: Ignoring cover and such is nice, but the big draw is that you learn the target’s location, so you can locate invisible creatures and enemies who might be hiding or trying to escape from you.
    • Shadow Arrow: An excellent way to incapacitate enemies who use extended reach, ranged weapons, or spells. Unfortunately it’s on a Wisdom save, so if you just need a creature to be unable to attack for a turn you’ll have better results with Banishing Arrow.
  3. Magic Arrow: If you’re in a campaign with few or no magic items, this is absolutely essential.
  4. Curving Shot: Redirect a missed attack once per turn. Absolutely amazing. With 2 to 4 attacks per turn, you’re inevitably going to miss with some of them, so turning a missed attack into another chance to hit something provides roughly as much attack output as the Crossbow Expert feat. This also makes the attack penalty from the Sharpshooter feat less risky. All around, it’s really great.
  5. Ever-Ready Shot: Now you can afford to use your signature ability in every encounter. Sure, it’s only once and that’s not nearly enough, but considering how resource-starved the Arcane Archer is this is still a massive improvement.
  6. Arcane Shot (improved shots): At this level all of your Arcane Shot options deal 1d6 or 2d6 more damage. Nice, but not especially significant.

Battle MasterPHB

Do you want a martial character with a combat toolset as versatile as a spellcasters? Do you want to go beyond the basic combat mechanics and reflect a more nuanced style of combat? Do you see the battlefield as a complex chess game to be mastered and dominated? Do you want to shout the names of your special attacks? The Battle Master may be for you.

The Battle Master is more complicated than most fighter subclasses, but has the potential to do a lot of cool tricks beyond repeatedly stabbing things until they fall down. Each maneuver, much like a spell, is a tool tailor-made to address a specific situation or problem, allowing the Battle Master to respond dynamically to scenarios which are often more complex than simple hit point attrition and which require more nuanced solutions than swinging your weapon until your enemy falls down.

While almost every one of the Battle Master’s maneuvers works with melee weapons, many of them also work with ranged attacks. This allows for cool things like using Disarming Attack to shoot a weapon out of a target’s hand or using Goading Attack to make it hard for a melee-only enemy to attack effectively for a turn. Many of the Battle Master’s best maneuvers are melee-only, but a ranged battle master is still viable and effective.

The Martial Adept feat (PHB) and Fighting Style (Superior Technique) both grant additional maneuvers and superiority dice, making them great additions to the Battle Master’s limited pool of both. More dice means that you can use your maneuvers more often, and knowing more maneuvers means that you have more room to explore situational options to broaden your ability to respond to unusual circumstances in combat. This is a heavy feat cost, but many of the Battle Master’s maneuvers replicate the effects of feats, so you may find that a maneuver is sufficient in place of a whole feat.

Battle Master Fighter Handbook

  1. Combat Superiority: You get four superiority dice, which means you get to use 4 maneuvers between each short/long rest. You gradually get more dice, allowing for more maneuvers at higher levels, and you gradually add more known maneuvers. You can replace known maneuvers as you level, but since there aren’t any maneuvers with prerequisites or anything, you really only need to replace maneuvers that you tried and didn’t like.

    Many maneuvers add your superiority die to the damage roll if you hit. Since the damage die is added to the damage roll, the additional damage is multiplied on a critical hit. This makes it especially appealing to apply a maneuver when you score a critical hit so that you get both a big pile of damage and a cool rider effect.

  2. Student of War: Artisan’s tools probably won’t matter to the game, but the expanded options in Xanathar’s Guide to Everything make this much more fun than it was when the core rules were published. Check out out Practical Guide to Tools.
  3. Know Your Enemy: This won’t come into play in most encounters unless you work to make it happen, but it’s great if you can get the BBEG monologuing while you study him or if you can manage to be stealthy long enough to observe the target. There’s no limitation on the usage, so you could spend additional minutes studying the target to learn everything on the list and get a really good sense of the target’s stats.
  4. Improved Combat Superiority (d10): These bumps only amount to an increase of 1 each, but they feel very nice and since you’re using Superiority Dice so frequently the small bonus adds up. As an interesting quirk, RAW if you have any dice from the Superior Technique style or the Martial Adept feat those dice also increase to d10s at this level, though that won’t be reflected in DnDBeyond.
  5. Relentless: This ensures that you always have at least one superiority die, so you don’t have to stress about using your last die before the adventuring day is over.
  6. Improved Combat Superiority (d12): These bumps only amount to an increase of 1 each, but they feel very nice and since you’re using Superiority Dice so frequently the small bonus adds up.

CavalierXGtE

The Cavalier is a fantastic Defender, and possesses abilities which I have been hoping to find since I first started writing handbooks for 5e. Defenders in 5e face two major problems: first, enemies can freely move around a creature within that creature’s reach, often allowing them to circle around the Defender to get within reach of the Defender’s weak allies. Second, the limitation of one Reaction per round means only one Opportunity Attack per round. Hold the Line and Vigilant Defender address both of these issues.

The Cavalier also caters well to fighting while mounted, allowing you to protect your mount from harm and providing fun abilities like Ferocious Charge, but the abilities are also worded so that fighting mounted is not strictly required so you can still go into a dungeon without your horse.

However, the Cavalier is not without challenges. Using a lance while mounted is an obvious and exciting option, but some of the Cavalier’s abilities only work while you’re within 5 feet of the creature you’re attacking (lances suffer Disadvantage while you’re attacking a creature within 5 feet of you) so you may need to make unarmed strikes or switch to a different weapon. The Cavalier also easily bypassed using the Disengage action, but forcing an enemy to spend their Action to get past you is a successful turn in my mind, and you can always pick up Sentinel if Disengage worries you.

If you plan to play the Cavalier while mounted, I strongly encourage you to read my Practical Guide to Mounted Combat. The Mounted Combat rules are brief but exceptionally confusing.

  1. Bonus Proficiency: A free skill or language proficiency. Take the skill. Languages can be solved magically.
  2. Born to the Saddle: It’s difficult to know how often you’ll need to make a saving throw to stay in the saddle. Arguably anything with a save to prevent forced movement would count (Thunderwave, Command (Flee), etc.), but it’s not clear. Allowing you to mount/dismount for only 5 feet of movement means that you can get back onto your mount when you start your turn further away. However, it doesn’t remove the once-per-turn limitation on mounting or dismounting a mount, so don’t expect to go hopping on and off of your mount a bunch of times in the same round.
  3. Unwavering Mark: This a great taunt mechanic. It makes it difficult for foes to attack your allies, and if they do it anyway you get an extra attack as a Bonus Action on your next turn with a nice damage boost.

    The Disadvantage portion of Unwavering Mark only functions while the target is within 5 feet of you, making lances, whips, and other reach weapons difficult to use in conjunction. You can still make the Bonus Action attack if those enemies attack someone else, but you still want to keep enemies within 5 feet of you in order to impose Disadvantage on their attacks.

    You’re limited in the number of the times that you can use the Bonus Action attack between rests, so try to use the attack only as needed rather than throwing it on everything you hit. But you can mark foes (and impose Disadvantage) as much as you want, so spread the marks around and try to keep as many enemies as possible within 5 feet of you.

    For cavaliers fighting while mounted, imposing Disadvantage on attacks against creatures other than you is a good way to keep enemies from attack your mount. Considering how frail most mounts are compared to you, that’s a huge benefit.

    If you really want to lean into this feature, consider the Sentinel feat. It will make it especially difficult for enemies to move away from you, making it easy to keep marked creatures within 5 feet of you. Even better, if they still attack a creature other than you, you get to attack them as a Reaction. Polearm Master deserve an honorable mention because the Bonus Action attack offers another chance to mark a creature, but it competes for space with the Bonus Action attack from Unwavering Mark so it’s less appealing than it would be normally.

  4. Warding Maneuver:Similar to the Protection Fighting Style. You can only use this a few times per Long Rest, so use it sparingly, and make steps to avoid needing it if you can.
  5. Hold the Line: This is considerably better than the Sentinel feat in most cases, as it prevents enemies from running around within your reach. This means that you can reliably hold enemies in place while remaining adjacent to allies so that you can protect them with Warding Maneuver and/or the Protection Fighting Style. It gets even better if you have extended reach because you’re not required to be within 5 feet of the target like other Cavalier abilities. However, unlike Sentinel, the Disengage action still allows enemies to get past you.
  6. Ferocious Charger: Two important notes: First, your mount moving counts, so you don’t need to use your own movement. Second, your mount can still Dash or Disengage to put distance between you and your enemy to set up your charge. You should be doing everything you can to use this every round. The benefits are simply too great to ignore.
  7. Vigilant Defender: This solves the second major problem with Defender builds in 5e. Combined with Hold the Line you can drop yourself into a crowd of enemies and force them all to stay exactly where they are, especially if you have a reach weapon in hand.

ChampionPHB

The Champion is simple, but very effective. Champions get an improved critical hit range, and at high levels they heal themselves constantly for free up to half hit points. If you just want an easy to play block of excellent stats, the Champion is the way to go this simplicity makes the Champion an ideal character for new players, but veterans will likely find the Champion boring.

The Champion’s biggest problem is that it basically can’t do anything beyond what the core rules allow creatures to do. This is a subclass that is absolutely desperate for some buttons to push. The Champion has no utility outside of combat beyond skills and ability checks, and in combat your only options are attacking, grappling, and shoving. This is a subclass that’s absolutely desperate for feats and magic items to make them more interesting.

Since the Champion can deal critical hits more reliably than any other character, the Bludgeoner (TCoE), Great Weapon Master (PHB) Piercer (TCoE), and Slasher (TCoE) feats are worth considering, but if you’re playing a champion long-term I recommend a feat that adds some mechanical complexity like Polearm Master or Sentinel before you go for something that just adds a passive benefit on top of the same hack-and-slash tactics.

If you’re set on playing a champion but want it to be effective enough to compete with other fighter subclasses, consider replacing Remarkable Athlete with some additional skill proficiencies and replace Additonal Fighting Style with a feat of the player’s choice.

  1. Improved Critical: Critical hits are a big deal in 5e, and this doubles your chance of getting one. Remember that criticals only multiply damage dice, so to maximize this you want to use a big weapon for the biggest damage die/dice possible and look or magic items that additional damage dice. Improved Critical also synergizes well with the Half-Orc’s Savage Attacks, so half-orc champions are a popular build for new players.
  2. Remarkable Athlete: Half proficiency in Acrobatics, Athletics, Sleight of Hand, Stealth, Initiative rolls, and several other possible ability checks. It’s not as good as Jack of All Trades, but it’s enough that you can forgo some of those skills and put your proficiencies into something which will make you useful outside of combat.
  3. Additional Fighting Style: For many builds the only option which works alongside your first choice is Defense, and this became much less interesting when the Fighting Initiate feat was introduced.
  4. Superior Critical: This is a huge critical range, especially with as many attacks as a Fighter can make. If you combine this with the Grapple+Shove combo to keep enemies prone, you’ll score critical hits 27.7% of the time thanks to Advantage and your high critical hit rate. Make sure that you pick up a feat which provides an extra benefit on critical hits.
  5. Survivor: Constant healing makes Second Wind largely obsolete, and can keep you in a fight almost indefinitely.

Echo KnightEGtW

The Echo Knight’s central feature is its ability to create an “echo”, which allows you to fight in two places at the same time. Mechanically, it’s a simple subclass with very little management and no decision points, but mastering the use of your echo is central to making the Echo Knight effective.

Tactically, your echo is like a second character in some ways, and using your echo effectively is crucial to succeeding in combat. A clever Echo Knight can gain additional damage output and reduce damage to themselves and their party by ensuring that their echo is in the the right place at the right time. Players who can make this work consistently will find that the Echo Knight is an exceptionally powerful character.

Because the Echo Knight depends so heavily on your Bonus Action to manage your Echo, avoid Two-Weapon Fighting, Crossbow Expert, and anything else that touches your Bonus Action.

Echo Knight Fighter Handbook

  1. Manifest Echo: This is the Echo Knight’s signature feature, and, while it gains some extra stuff over time, the core ability never really changes. Get really comfortable using it, because it’s going to take your Bonus Action to recreate if need be for the rest of your career. You can move your echo for free once per turn in addition to recreating it in a new place or switching places with it, and unlike moving your own character, your echo doesn’t have specific movement types so you can move it 30 feet in any direction, including vertically into the air!

    Remember that your echo disappears if you move too far away, but it costs you nothing except a Bonus Action to recreate, so in many cases it may be more effective to intentionally walk away from your Echo and recreate it than to try to move it along with you. You can also teleport to switch places with your echo, allowing you to escape grapples, difficult terrain, and bindings with little effort (though it does also cost part of your movement for the turn). There is no limitation on how often you can create your echo, so recreating it every round is basically expected if yours has been destroyed by an attack or moved too far away.

    There is some confusion around how this works since the Grappled condition reduces your speed to 0, which means that you don’t have 15 feet of movement to spend. I think RAI you’re intended to be able to teleport out of a grapple, but RAW you definitely can’t since the effect doesn’t specify a rules exception around grapples the way that the spell Freedom of Movement does. That said, Jeremy Crawford had a discussion on Twitter in which he discusses Freedom of Movement’s interaction with the Grapple rules. He points out that once you’re no longer grappled, your speed is no longer 0, so it makes sense that you could pay the 5-foot cost to escape a grapple using Freedom of Movement even though your speed is 0 when you do so. We can apply that same logic to the Echo’s teleportation, and so long as you will have 15 feet of movement to spend after teleporting you can pay the cost. However, the Echo Knight’s text doesn’t specify an exception to the grapple rules, so it’s not perfectly clear. Discuss this with your DM to see how they would like to handle things.

    Manifest Echo doesn’t specify, but the echo is an object. It can be targeted by things like attacks and spells, but weirdly RAW that means that it can’t be targeted or damaged by many spells. Even options like Meteor Swarm RAW only damage creatures, but I think a reasonable DM will rule that the echo qualifies as a valid target for such things and takes damage appropriately. This thing is already insanely powerful, and it doesn’t need broad immunity to damage to keep it powerful. If that’s the case though, it also makes it a valid target for beneficial spells like Shield of Faith, Blur, etc. That means that it’s a valid target for Sanctuary, which is busted because the Echo never actually attacks, it just allows you to use its location.

  2. Unleash Incarnation: Up to 5 extra attacks per day. Not a huge boost in damage, but fantastic when you really need it.
  3. Echo Avatar: You can walk/float your echo up to 1,000 ft. away from you and see/hear through it. Unfortunately, according to Jeremy Crawford you’re not allowed to attack through it, but the text explaining that was allegedly omitted from the first printing of the book and Wizards of the Coast hasn’t issued errata. That means that you can’t send your Echo Avatar to attack people according to Crawford, but apparently it’s not enough of a problem that WotC actually cares to correct it, so RAW you can send your echo a few hundred feet into the air and rain arrows on everything in range.
  4. Shadow Martyr: In many ways this is like the Protection fighting style, but it works on any creature you can see. Limiting use to once per rest means that you need to be cautious about when you use it, and save it for when it will be really impactful.
  5. Reclaim Potential: With just 1 hit point your echo is going to die constantly if it’s targeted, so this is an easy way to get temporary hit points whenever you don’t have them. 2d6+Con is a decent amount, too, and you get enough uses per day that it’s a significant improvement to your total capacity to endure damage.
  6. Legion of One: Two echos means that you can fill two additional spaces on the battlefield, offering additional chances to make Opportunity Attacks, and creating more targets to draw attacks which would otherwise be directed at you and your allies.

Eldritch KnightPHB

A fantastic combination of combat prowess and offensive magic, the Eldritch Knight is perhaps the simplest “gish” build, combining the Fighter’s excellent combat capabilities and durability with a splash of spellcasting from the Wizard.

While the Eldritch Knight is fantastically durable and plenty effective, they can’t compete offensively with the Hexblade Warlock of the Bladesinger Wizard, both of which have considerably better spellcasting options but are nowhere near so capable of surviving in melee for extended periods.

Mastering the Eldritch Knight’s spellcasting comes with some pitfalls which are easy to fall into and end up with an ineffective build. Since the Eldritch Knight’s spellcasting is Intelligence-based, you need to put some resources into Intelligence, but it’s easy to invest far more than necessary. Many spells will depend on your spellcasting modifier, so it’s tempting to raise your Intelligence to get better fireballs and such, but this is usually a poor investment.

You can get by on very little Intelligence (14 is likely sufficient) by sticking to spells which don’t care about your spellcasting modifier (Booming Blade, Shield, Resist Energy, etc.) and still be extremely effective. Remember: The Eldritch Knight is still primarily a fighter, so throwing fireballs is a rarity rather than your go-to tactic.

While it’s totally possible to play an eldritch knight at range, it comes with some specific challenges. Since ranged attack cantrips all depend on your spellcasting modifier, you can’t get by on as little Intelligence as melee eldritch knights. You’ll likely need to reduce your investment in Constitution to make up the difference. But in exchange for that trade, you’re better situated to capitalize on Eldritch Strike, using ranged attacks to prime enemies for cantrips like Acid Splash and Toll the Dead which will impose saves made at Disadvtaneg. Once you move up to Improved War Magic you can shoot several foes one round, then fireball them the next round and impose Disadvantage on their saves.

  • Spellcasting: Spellcasting is what defines the Eldritch Knight. You’re limited almost entirely to Abjuration and Evocation spells, but those offer plenty of options which work for a Fighter. Be sure to pick up an offensive cantrip like Booming Blade which you can use alongside weapon attacks with War Magic.

    You’ll get just one spell of each spell level which isn’t restricted to Abjuration/Evocation, so be very careful when picking those spells.

    For help selecting spells, see my Fighter Spell List Breakdown.

  • Weapon Bond: Very cool, but it rarely has any mechanical impact unless you plan to throw your weapon(s).
  • War Magic: With the addition of new cantrips in Sword Coast Adventurer’s Guide, War Magic is better than ever. Using either Booming Blade or Green-Flame Blade in conjunction with the extra attack from War Magic deals more total damage than a fighter making normal attacks at any level (provided that you can trigger the secondary damage from either cantrip) and offers tactical options that you simply can’t replicate by just swinging a weapon. See my article on Melee Cantrips vs. Extra Attack for a breakdown of the math comparing melee cantrip spells to normal martial attacks.
  • Eldritch Strike: Since your Intelligence won’t be as high as that of a real Wizards, DCs can be a real problem. Imposing disadvantage will make your spells considerably more effective. This can enable some interesting combinations like hitting a bunch of adjacent enemies, then hitting them with Sword Burst on your next turn, or shooting a bunch of enemies with a bow then hitting them with a fireball on the next turn. If you’re facing single targets you can hit them every round with an Toll the Dead and a weapon attack thanks to War magic. Look for opportunities to put this to use, but remember that War Magic is still your defining tactic.
  • Arcane Charge: This is as much movement as using the Dash action, so combined with Action Surge you get to do almost as much as you could in a complete additional turn (you still don’t get a second Bonus Action).
  • Improved War Magic: Drop a huge spell, then stab/shoot someone. Next turn, capitalize on Edlritch Strike to impose Disadvantage and hit the target with another spell.

Psi WarriorTCoE

The Psi Warrior is a martial psionics user, making use a semi-magical mechanism known as “psionics” to produce effects which are borderline but technically not magical. Is it magic? Not quite, but more “yes” than “no”.

The Psi Warrior shares some capabilities with the Eldritch Knight, and uses a resource pool similar to the Battle Master’s Superiority Dice. Unlike those two subclasses the Psi Warrior has no decision points within the build, instead using a fixed set of built-in options.

This lack of build diversity doesn’t mean that the Psi Warrior is ineffective. The Psi Warrior is much easier to build and play than either the Battle Master or the Eldritch Knight, and if you manage your Psionic Energy Die to last through the day you can be very effective. There’s also nothing forcing the Psi Warrior into melee, which is a problem for the Battle Master and Eldritch Knight since so many of their best options are melee-only.

  1. Psionic Power: Your pool of Psionic Energy Dice are your defining resource. You get a number equal to double your Proficiency Bonus and the size goes from d6 to d12 over the course of your career. That sounds like a big pool, but they mostly recharge on a Long Rest, and between long rests you can recharge just one die as a Bonus Action once per Short Rest.

    If your DM adheres to the Adventuring Day rules, that means you can recharge as many as three dice per day. Across a full day of adventuring that’s a small pool to work with and you need to be cautious about spending your dice rather than burning through them in the first encounter. The initial options for spending your Psionic Energy Dice are easy ways to quickly burn through your dice for modest amounts of damage or protection.

    • Protective Field: Preventing some or all of the damage from an attack can keep you or an ally fighting, and can help allies maintain Concentration on spells. Save this for when hit points are low or when an ally’s Concentration is crucial or you may risk running through your Psionic Energy dice in a hurry.
    • Psionic Strike: A modest burst of damage. The damage is a separate source from your attack (it deals damage on its own rather than adding damage to the attack), so it’s not multiplied on a critical hit. I wouldn’t consider this a go-to option until you add Telekinetic Thrust at level 7 because your pool of dice is too small and too precious to spend on something as mundane as a tiny bit of damage. However, you might make an exception in cases where the extra damage could kill the creature or cause it to lose Concentration (since it’s a separate source of damage it forces a second saving throw).
    • Telekinetic Movement: Situational. You get it once per short rest, which may be enough. This is forced movement (even though the target is willing), so you can use it to pull allies out of melee (even if they’re grappled) without provoking opportunity attacks.
  2. Telekinetic Adept: Two new options for using your Psionic Energy Dice.
    • Psi-Power Leap: Even though the flight only lasts until the end of your current turn, that’s enough to get into melee with flying enemies and beat tham up (consider using Action Surge to maximize the benefits) or Shove them prone to force them to fall. You can also use this to fly over pits, high walls, and other barriers. You get this once for free, but if you need it again you can recharge it with a Psionic Energy Die.
    • Telekinetic Thrust: Shove is typically sufficient for melee fighters, but this works at range, which makes it a great counter to flying enemies. Flying creatures that are knocked prone fall, which can both cause a lot of damage and bring them into melee range
  3. Guarded Mind: While this is technically situational, Charm and Fear effects are common and annoying across the full level range, and can take you out of a fight. They’re especially good counters to martial characters (like you) because they tend to have require Wisdom saving throws which martial characters are bad at.
  4. Bulwark Force: +2 AC to you and possibly the rest of your party for 1 minute, activated as a Bonus Action. This is a great buff at any level, but remember that it won’t stack with other sources of cover. You only get to use this once per day, but you can recharge it with a Psionic Energy Die, and I recommend doing so. The +2 AC to your whole party will mitigate a huge amount of damage in a typical fight. +2 on a 20-point scale is 10% of the scale, so a +2 AC bonus will negate roughly 10% of all attack damage to your party in that encounter.
  5. Telekinetic Master: By this level it’s entirely possible that you have raised both your Strength/Dexterity and your Intelligence to 20, so your Intelligence checks may be very good. That makes Telekinesis a useful option in combat, especially against foes with poor Strength like many spellcasters. You can use this to lift foes into the air and drop them, to move them over pits or into hazard, or just to pull them into melee range.

    The abiltity to make a weapon attack as a Bonus Action while concentrating on Telekinesis is very exciting. The obvious intent is that you use your Action to use Telekinesis, and that can be a powerful combination: lift your target into the air and shoot them, or drop them to force them to fall prone before attacking them in melee.

    However, you’re under no obligation to actually use Telekinesis while you’re concentrating on it. The spell has a 10-minute duration so you can easily use it as a buff to add an attack as a Bonus Action. If you enjoy this strategy, I think you’ll agree that spending a Psionic Energy Die to recharge this ability is well worth the cost to get an additional attack with little efort

Purple Dragon Knight / BanneretSCAG

I love the flavor the Purple Dragon Knight (Banneret in non-Forgotten Realms games). A charismatic, knightly fighter. The class adds some nice support abilities, and encourages the Fighter to serve as a Face. Unfortunately, to really work as a Face you need Charisma, which is typically a Fighter dump stat, and as great as Royal Envoy is, it’s not enough to justify significant investment in Charisma when the Fighter already needs to maximize two other ability scores.

The biggest problem with the Purple Dragon Knight is that it takes the Fighter, who is almost exclusively good at fighting, and tries to make them good at some other stuff. While it’s a nice option in the right party, Dungeons and Dragons is a game that rewards specialization and punishes diversification. If you do want to play a martial Face character, the Paladin is likely a better way to do so.

Individually, each of the Purple Dragon Knight’s abilities are great, but the sum of the abilities in the broader context of the Fighter class makes the Purple Dragon Knight a difficult option. I don’t recommend this for newer players, but it could be a really fun option for veterans in a low-powered game or in a party with new players.

I frequently offer suggestions to help balanced problematic subclasses, but the Purple Dragon Knight is difficult to fix. I think it needs more features to make it interesting, but I haven’t come up with any options which I think would make the Purple Dragon Knight appealing without introducing more problems.

  1. Rallying Cry: This isn’t a ton of healing, but it doesn’t need to be. This is effectively Mass Healing Word with a few restrictions in exchange for it not being a spell. It does affect unconscious allies, as the Unconscious condition was not intended to deafen creatures according to Jeremy Crawford.
  2. Royal Envoy: Persuasion is the king of social skills, and Expertise with it will go a very long way, especially if your Charisma isn’t great. The free skill proficiency is nice, too, but if you’re planning to play a Face than you probably have both Persuasion and Intimidation, and quite possibly have Insight as well. Animal Handling is fun flavor for a knight, but not especially useful since mounted combat is such a niche option in 5e. If you start your build planning to be a Purple Dragon Knight, you might leave Insight or Intimidation open so that you can make use of this free proficiency.
  3. Inspiring Surge: Use this on a Rogue if at all possible. Rogues can Sneak Attack once per turn, not once per round, so they could in theory sneak attack hundreds of times if enough people could give the Rogue a free attack on their turns. (This has been explained several times by WotC’s designers in various places.) Remember that this needs to be a weapon attack, and it’s only one attack, so allies who can make multiple attacks won’t get as much use out of this as a Rogue.
  4. Bulwark: Rerolls on saving throws are fantastic, especially on mental saves which can often take you and your allies out of a fight.

Rune KnightTCoE

The Rune Knight runs on magic runes which they accumulate as they gain levels. There are just 6 runes available and you’ll get 5 of them, so there’s not much diversity in rune knight builds as you gain levels. Each rune provides a passive buff (often a bonus to a skill) and an active ability themed after the corresponding variety of giant. Since the active abilities are usable once per Short or Long Rest (twice once you get Master of Runes), they feel a bit like Warlock spell slots: few in number, but big on impact, and you get them back quickly.

Tactically, the Rune Knight has a limited pool of resources and you’ll need to weigh the cost and benefit of using any given rune’s active effect. The resource management is the core complexity of the subclass, and if you can master that resource management you’ll find that the Rune Knight is a capable, interesting subclass with a lot to offer.

Where the Rune Knight suffers is damage output. Fire Rune can do some single-target damage, but the only other damage boost comes from Giant’s Might. Giant’s Might provides a +1d6 damage bonus, but only while Giant’s Might is running (two to six times per day; the uses per day equal your Proficiency Bonus), and only once per turn on your own turn. The die scales up to d10, but +1d10 damage per round at level 18 is an insultingly small amount of damage. The Rune Knight does a lot of cool stuff other than damage, but make sure that the rest of your party can provide adequate damage on their own. Having Strikers classes in your party like monks, rogues, rangers, and warlocks is typically sufficient.

Despite being giant-themed, the Rune Knight is surprisingly appealing for a rogue-style character with high Dexterity and Charisma. Proficiency in Deception, Intimidation, and Thieves’ Tools can all benefit significantly from the passive effects of runes, and nothing about the Rune Knight’s features requires high Strength (unless you want to make Strength checks with Giant’s Might).

Rune Knight Fighter Handbook

  1. Bonus Proficiencies: Smith’s tools are a popular option for adventurers since so much of adventuring gear is made of metal, and if you get the Fire Rune you can apply Expertise with all tools (see Fire Rune, below, for more). One proficiency is not a driving reason to get good with tools, but it can add some non-combat utility to a class which is all about fighting. You also learn to speak Giant, which is weirdly nice because runes can give you Advantage on Charisma (Deception) and Charisma (Intimidation) checks, allowing you to serve as a Face without much investment in Charisma.
  2. Rune Carver: 2 runes at 3rd level, and eventually you get up to 5. Since there are just 6 runes, that means that rather than choosing which runes to learn you get to choose one to ignore (Frost. Skip Frost. ). There are two runes with level requirements, but thanks to the built-in retraining rule you can drop a different rune when you hit level 7 to get both of the level-locked runes at the same time, then pick up whichever rune you dropped the next time you learn a new rune.

    Each rune provides a passive effect and an activatable ability. The active effect can be used once per Short or Long Rest (that’s not a rule inherent to Rune Carver, but every rune works that way). Saves are Constitution-based, which is exciting because it makes it easy to justify 20 Dex or Strength and 20 Constitution, which many fighter subclasses need to postpone or forgo due to their subclass’s dependence on a mental ability score or a severe need for feats.

    Every rune is tied to a type of giant, so don’t expect this list to expand unless WotC brings back the weird extra giants that they introduced late in 3.5 like Death Giants. Although a high-level Death Rune would probably be really cool. Well shoot, now I want that.

    • Cloud Rune: Sleight of Hand and Deception are a weird combination of skills for your typical fighter since Charisma is frequently a dump stat and even Dexterity-based fighters rarely take Sleight of Hand, so don’t expect to get much use out of those unless you’re building yourself with skills similar to a typical rogue.

      The active effect allows you to retarget a successful attack to another creature within 30 feet of you. The expectation is that you’re going to redirect and enemy’s attack to hit an enemy, and that’s probably your best bet, but you can also use this to attack an ally and redirect the attack to an enemy which might be out of your reach otherwise. Keep in mind that transferring the attack doesn’t automatically hit the new target; the attack roll must still be compared to the new target’s AC as normal.

      The difficulty with Cloud Rune is that it competes for space with Runic Shield, which you get automatically.

    • Fire Rune: Expertise in every tool in which you’re proficient. The Rune Knight gets Smith’s Tools at level 3, but you should strongly consider getting other tools, especially crucial adventuring options like Thieves’ Tools.

      While most martial enemies will be big, Strength-based monsters with high Strength saves, there are many other types of enemies with bad Strength saves. Spellcasters, nimble enemies, and most small enemies will have poor Strength save bonuses. If you manage to keep the enemy restrained, they’ll take an impressive 20d6 damage, which is pretty good even by the standards of many spells.

      But while that damage is exciting, the bigger benefit is that the target is Restrained. Restrained creatures have 0 speed, suffer Disadvantage on their attacks, grant Advantage on attacks against them, and suffer Disadvantage on Dexterity saves. That makes the target bait for every attack that your party can put out. Throw this on the highest-priority enemy in an encounter and focus on them until they drop. Consider using Action Surge the same turn in order to maximize how much damage you can do before the target potentially escapes.

    • Frost Rune: Animal Handling is very situational, but Intimidation is a popular face skill for fighters and other martial classes despite usually lacking Charisma.

      +2 to saves is nice, but Strength saves are extremely rare and +2 to Constitution saves for 10 minutes one to three times a day (remember: Adventuring Day rules encourage two short rests) isn’t worth a Rune. If you need better Constitution saves, put an ASI into Constitution. The bonus also applies to Strength checks, including important checks like Athletics checks to Grapple or Shove. But remember that Giant’s Might gives you Advantage on both Strength Checks and Strength Saves, and since both Giant’s Might and Frost Rune are activated as a Bonus Action, it’s hard to fit both into the same fight.

      If you’re really concerned enough about Athletics that you still want Frost Rune, consider the Skill Expert feat. The additional bonus will be larger than that provided by Frost Rune and it will apply constantly without the need to activate Frost Rune. If, somehow, you have Expertise in Athletics, high enough Strength that using Athletics makes sense, and Giant’s Might to get easy Advantage on Strength checks, but you still somehow can’t reliably succeed at Strength (Athletics) checks, it seems likely that an occasional +2 is not going to solve whatever problem you’re facing. Consider new dice.

    • Stone Rune: Spectacular passive effects. When you’re building out your initial Ability Scores, you will typically max out your Strength or your Dexterity (depending on your build), then ideally you’ll raise your Constitution as much as makes sense. After that, Wisdom is a great third-highest ability score both for skills and for saving throws. After that, Insight isn’t much of a stretch. Perpetual Advantage on Wisdom (Insight) means a +5 bonus to your Passive Insight, which is a boon for your whole party. You also get 120 ft. Darkvision, which is great for races like the Dragonborn and the Human which don’t get it naturally. Even races with Darkvision tend to only have 60 ft range.

      The active effect is a Wisdom-based save-or-suck charm effect used as a Reaction. It’s not quite as good as Hold Monster, but it’s close, and like Hold Monster the target can repeat their save at the end of each of their turns. If you pair this with Fire Rune, you have one powerful single-target crowd control effect which can affect big dumb enemies (Stone Rune) and one for smart, frail enemies (Fire Rune).

    • Hill Rune (7th level): Poison is common across the full level range, and resistance to it is excellent. Many races like dwarves already have this, so this rune does lose some of its appeal for them, but the active effect is still very good.

      The active effect is a powerful defensive buff that you should absolutely employ when facing the prospect of significant weapon damage. It’s one of those abilities where you’ll always wonder if you might need it more later, but if a fight looks like any significant threat and your enemies are relying on weapon damage types, use this as soon as attacks come your way. Resistance to weapon damage also makes it easier to justify using two-handed weapons since your AC is less important.

    • Storm Rune (7th level): Arcana isn’t a skill that you’ll be good at (you likely dumped Intelligence since you have no other usage for it built into the class), but never being surprised is great on any character.

      The active effect turns your Reaction into a reroll on any d20 roll which happens within 60 feet of you. You do need to use the Reaction before the roll happens, but that’s probably fine. Use this to support save-or-suck effects (yours or someone else’s), to protect your allies from save-or-suck effects, and potentially to grant Advantage on high-damage attacks from you or your allies. Keep in mind you can take reactions on your own turn and consider imposing Disadvantage on a target’s save or check, such as the save against Fire Rune’s active effect.

  3. Giant’s Might: Similar to casting Enlarge/Reduce as a Bonus Action, though the damage bonus isn’t as good. Being large makes it harder for enemies to get around you since you take up more space, and Advantage on Strength checks makes it very easy to use Athletics to Shove and Grapple your enemies.

    The bonus damage only applies once per turn on your own turn, which considering the Fighter’s famously high number of attacks feels totally out of place and unremarkable. Weirdly, the d6 grows to a d10 over time but never becomes a significant part of your damage output since it’s still just once on each of your own turns.

    The precise wording in the feature is important. If you are not Large or larger, your size becomes Large. This is important because Enlarge/Reduce cast upon the Rune Knight after using Giant’s Might further increases the knight to Huge size, but not if Enlarge/Reduce is cast beforehand.

  4. Runic Shield: This is a great way to negate critical hits. You force the attacker to reroll the specific d20 used and use that result, so even if they have Advantage they still just roll one d20 and use whatever comes up. The number of uses per day is plenty if you don’t try to negate every hit that comes toward your party; save it for critical hits or for allies who have a passable chance of a reroll missing. If an enemy is attacking your 12 AC wizard with a +10 attack bonus, don’t waste the effort.
  5. Great Stature: The 3d4 inches is amusing, especially if you’re a small race, but it has absolutely no mechanical effect on the game. Height is a purely cosmetic portion of your character. Upgrading the damage die on Giant’s Might from 1d6 to 1d8 is such a minor improvement that if you forgot to make the adjustment you would probably never notice. On average, that’s 1 point of damage per round. At level 10 when you and your enemies can easily have 200 hit points, 1 damage is not noteworthy.
  6. Master of Runes: Double how often you can use all of your rune’s active effects. You also gain your fifth and final rune at this level, so this is just a really fantastic level. With 10 active effects to use between short rests, you can afford to use two or more active rune effects in each combat and you may find that you have runes to spare when you make it to your next Short Rest.
  7. Runic Juggernaut: The extra damage is not significant, especially at this level. But the ability to become Huge and get a little more reach can be helpful in some cases. Being Huge notably means that you can grapple gargantuan creatures, making you big enough to grapple any creature in the game.

SamuraiXGtE

An offensively focused archetype, the Samurai is a Striker, focusing on damage output almost exclusively. I expect most samurai to rely on two-handed weapons and to pick up feats like Great Weapon Master and Sharpshoot to capitalize on Fighting Spirit’s ability to grant Advantage easily. Elegant Courtier and the Samurai’s Bonus Proficiency also make it possible for the Samurai to serve as a Face. However, Samurai offers no mechanisms to protect or support your allies, making the Samurai somewhat of a loner in combat.

Samurai Fighter Handbook

  1. Bonus Proficiency: A free skill or language proficiency. Pick the skill. Languages can be solved magically.
  2. Fighting Spirit: Making this require a bonus action means that you can’t use two-weapon fighting in the same round, so building around two-handed weapons is your best bet. Guaranteed Advantage on all of your attacks means that feats like Great Weapon Master and Sharpshooter become extremely tempting. The temporary HP also makes it easier to go without a shield. However, at just three uses per day you can’t expect to use this in every fight until you get Tireless Spirit at level 10.

    If your table is using the optional flanking rules, this is less important for melee builds because it’s so much easier to get Advantage, but it remains excellent for fighting at range.

  3. Elegant Courtier: Allowing you to use Wisdom in addition to Charisma on Charisma (persuasion) checks means that you can function as a face without having high Charisma. An additional saving throw proficiency is even better, as most characters never get more than two saving throw proficiencies.
  4. Tireless Spirit: Once you have this, you should plan to begin every fight with Fighting Spirit. Come out swinging, and do a lot of damage up front.
  5. Rapid Strike: Advantage is nice because you get to roll twice and keep the higher. Rapid Strike lets you keep both, so if you get lucky and both rolls are high you can hit twice. You only get to do this once per turn, but this means that you can get four attacks in a single turn (5 once you hit 20th level, more if you have Haste, use Two-Weapon Fighting, activate Action Surge, etc.).

    Fighting Spirit’s guarantee Advantage is an easy way to trigger Rapid Strike, but remember that Fighting Spirit only works three times per day. A more reliable tactic is to Shove your opponent prone before attacking them, or if an ally can land Hold Person/Monster then all attacks have advantage and all melee attacks are automatic critical hits.

  6. Strength before Death: An entire turn. An entire turn.. Drink a potion, use Second Wind. Anything to get you some hit points and keep you conscious. Otherwise, take the Attack action and get revenge! If you’re close to 0 on your own turn and have some way to give yourself enough falling damage to trigger this with just your movement you could in theory take a full turn with action surge and Fighting Spirit fueled Rapid Strike, fall to trigger Strength Before Death, and then do it all again, in the same round. And fun fact, if we do this during our own turn and we’ve already used Fighting Spirit then Fighting Spirit is still active (it says “interrupting the current turn”) because the turn that we used it on hasn’t ended yet. Even crazier, you could activate Action Surge again during this mid-turn bonus turn. If you can’t find a way to fall you can always use your last attack on yourself if you’re close enough to 0.