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DnD 5e - Ability Modifiers

More important than your ability score is your "ability modifier". Ability modifers are the number which you add to other numbers like your attack rolls and ability checks. Ability modifiers are determined by your ability score.

Player characters have a cap of 20 on every ability score. Monsters have a cap of 30 on every ability score.

Ability Scores and Modifiers
1 -5
2-3 -4
4-5 -3
6-7 -2
8-9 -1
10-11 +0
12-13 +1
14-15 +2
16-17 +3
18-19 +4
20-21 +5
22-23 +6
24-25 +7
26-27 +8
28-29 +9
30 +10