One of the most popular articles on the site is our article on the Fundamental Math of Character Optimization, which explains the game’s underlying assumptions about character’s stats so that you can be as effective as the game expects. But the article only covers your d20 rolls. What about damage?
I’ve updated the article to include to guidance on damage per round. Not every character needs to be pumping out damage, but in a game that’s full of nails you need to know how to use a hammer. This also established a baseline that we can use to objectively look at a build and say that its DPR is good or bad without just comparing it to the people sitting at the table with you.