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DnD 5e - Bard Subclass Breakdown

Last Updated: June 5th, 2020

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RPGBOT uses the color coding scheme which has become common among Pathfinder build handbooks, which is simple to understand and easy to read at a glance.

  • Red: Bad, useless options, or options which are extremely situational.
  • Orange: OK options, or useful options that only apply in rare circumstances.
  • Green: Good options.
  • Blue: Fantastic options, often essential to the function of your character.

I will not include 3rd-party content, including content from DMs Guild, even if it is my own, because I can't assume that your game will allow 3rd-party content or homebrew. I also won't cover Unearthed Arcana content because it's not finalized, and I can't guarantee that it will be available to you in your games.

The advice offered below is based on the current State of the Character Optimization Meta as of when the article was last updated. Keep in mind that the state of the meta periodically changes as new source materials are released and this article will be updating accordingly as time allows.


Bard subclasses are a significant factor in determining your bard's role in the party. Your choice of subclass will emphasize different core aspects of class, allowing you to specialize in one thing while remaining a jack of all trades.

Bard Subclasses - Bard Colleges

College of CreationTCoE

College of Creation gives the Bard access to some powerful new tools. Mote of Potential expands on Bardic Inspiration by adding unique rider effects, and the other subclass features grant the ability to create and animate objects. As the Bard gains levels, you can create larger and more valuable items, allowing you to produce tools to solve a variety of problems.

Because half of the College of Creation's class features are tied up in Performance of Creation, it's crucial that you and your DM are on the same page about how it works. The effect is less specific than spells like Creation or Fabricate, which can make it unpredictable. Your DM might reasonably limit you to published items (Adventurer's league went that route), which dramatically handicaps the feature because the items published in the Player's Handbook and other sources are tools and items catered to adventurers but typically ommit common items which might be useful in real-world scenarios. For example: 5e's published rules don't include stats for a plow, so if your DM limits you to the Player's Handbook and you need to help a farmer, you're out of luck.

  1. Mote of Potential: Add some rider effects to uses of Bardic Inspiration. All three work well in the right situations.
    • Ability Check: If you're using Bardic Inspiration on an Ability Check it's because you can't afford to fail. Rolling a 1 on that die hurts, so rerolling and using the better result is great insurance.
    • Attack Roll: The damage is fairly minor, but if you have an ally attacking into a crowd the total damage can add up quickly. Think of this like the Ranger's Hail of Thorns spell (except that you get to pick targets so you can't hurt allies) and use it wherever you would use Hail of Thorns.
    • Saving Throw: Using Bardic Inspiration on saving throws is one of the best ways to use it, and adding temporary hit points on top of that benefit is excellent because the target is either going to take damage from the effect (which the temporary hit points will mitigate) or something else nasty is going to happen to them and the temporary hit points will help protect them while they recover.
  2. Performance of Creation: This is a great way to solve problems that require large, bulky, or expensive items that you might not want to haul around with you all the time. You might create an anvil if you need something extremely heavy, or a row boat to cross a steam. Limiting the item's size to medium is mildly annoying, but the size quickly increase to large at 6th level so most items in the Player's Handbook will be available within a few levels. The 20gp/level cost will cover most things in the player's handbook with the exception of some heavy armor (which can be very pricy). Your DM may also let you go beyond the player's handbook, allowing you to create things like walls to hide behind, bridges to span chasms, columns to prop up fallign ceilings, or pieces of furnite to flip over in a fit of rage. Check with your DM to see what they'll allow.

    This notably doesn't require materials like the Fabricate spell, doesn't require any tool proficiencies, and doesn't specify how detailed or intricate the item can be. You may be able to create valuable items like blocks of gold or jewelry, and you may be able to create complex items like siege engines. You may even be able to produce items made of special materials like adamantine weapons. Check with your DM to see what they'll allow.

    You can use this once per day for free and can refresh it by spending a 2nd-level slot. You want wait to do that until you need it, which may not happen frequently. However, the option to refresh the ability means that you can compare any given item to the benefits of a second-level spell. If you use this to create expensive disposable nommagic items like poisons, explosives, and things like alchemist's fire.

  3. Animating Performance: Similar in many ways to summoning a creature for an hour. Your Dancing Item will have a decent number of hit points, and gets one attack that deals a reasonable amount of force damage. Since it's an object, it's not very smart but it's also immune to poison, psychic damage, and some mental status effects like charm. It's a decent combat pet, and it'll keep your Bonus Action busy every turn (though you can share that action with granting Bardic Inspiration).

    The expectation is that you'll cast this on something like a statue, but don't let that limit your choices. The item needs to be large or smaller, so you're allowing cast this on small things like a tankard or a necklace, as well as large things like a cart or even a carpet which might be large enough to carry you and your allies with the dancing item's 30-foot fly speed. At 18 Strength a large dancing item has a carrying capacity of 540 pounds, allowing it to comfortably accomodate 2 medium creatures and their equipment. This becomes even easier if you and your party are mostly small races like halflings, and since it's immune to exhaustian you can ride it as long as you'd like.

    You can use this once per day for free, but you can also refresh the effect by spending a spell slot of 3rd-level or higher, essentially making this equivalent to a third-level spell. Considering that the spell Fly is 3rd-level, has a duration of just 10 minutes, and requires Concentration, using your Dancing Item as a combination flying mount and combat pet is an extremely effective use of a spell slot.

  4. Creative Crescendo: Not quite as good as using Performance of Creation 5 times at once, but close. One item uses the typical size rules and the rest must be small or tiny, but small is as big as a 3-foot tall humanoid and that's plenty to work with. Most weapons could be considered small, and many extremely valuable items like jewels and jewelry are tiny. You could use the big item to make a small catapult and use the other items to make projectiles like urns full of alchemist's fire. You can use all 5 items (because you have 20 Charisma by this level) to make expensive poisons them hand them off to your party's rogue. Get creative.

College of EloquenceMOoT / TCoE

This may be the bard-est bard that ever did bard. While most bard colleges add some fun new mechanics or options to the Bard, College of Eloquence emphasizes the Bard's core features: namely Bardic Inspiration and the Bard's uncontested mastery of Charisma-based skills.

Nothing in the subclass is complicated or hard to manage, and in fact the insurance provided by Silver Tongue and by Unfailing Inspiration make this an excellent option for new players and for players with habitually poor rolls, but any player looking to enjoy a mechanically simple but profoundly effective bard will find everything that they need here.

  1. Silver Tongue: It is difficult to find an ability which is so effective at making a key skill reliable. The Rogue's Reliable Talent feature provides the same benefit, but that's an 11th-level feature. Combined with access to Expertise (which you also get at 3rd level) you're nearly incapable of failing Charisma (Deception) and Charisma (Persuasion) checks.
  2. Unsettling Words: Use this as a Bonus Action, then hit the target with a save-or-suck effect. Advantage/Disadvantage are worth a little more than +3/-3, and the average value of your d6 Bardic Inspiration die is 3.5, and increases as you gain levels.
  3. Unfailing Inspiration: Bardic Inspiration is one of the Bard's core features, and while it's very powerful it's still limited by a small number of dice. This provides a powerful insurance policy, making it much easier to risk a die even if it's unlikely to make a roll succeed.
  4. Universal Speech: A limited version of Tongues for one hour for free every day, and you can do it again by spending an spell slot. You may still want to learn Comprehend Languages so that you can understand other creatures.
  5. Infectious Inspiration: Consider this alongside Unfailing Inspiration. If a creature adds a die and fails, they keep the die. If they pass, you spend your Reaction to pass the die to a different creature, and the process starts over. You get to do this a number of times equal to your Charisma modifier, so it's effectively 5 additional uses of Basic Inspiration per day, not counting the ones which fail but don't result in a lost die.

College of GlamourXGtE

An interesting combination of abilities. College of Glamour is great for a bard looking to play a support role.

  1. Mantle of Inspiration: Reposition your entire party and grant temporary hit points. You won't need to use this in every fight, but certainly don't hesitate to use it if you think it will be helpful.
  2. Enthralling Performance: Similar to Charm Person with a 1-minute casting time, during which you need to somehow hold that target(s)'s attention and during which you can't be interrupted. Charm Person is a 1st-level spell, it will have the same DC, and creatures don't know that you've targeted them with the spell so you can cast Charm Person while unobserved.

    Where Enthralling Performance shines is when you need to charm a group. Enthralling Performance has no usage limitation and can affect up to 5 creatures once you hit 20 Charisma, so if you can hold targets' attention you can gradually enthral small crowds of people. The effect goes a bit beyond the basic effects of Charmed, too, so you can turn your new fans toward various non-violent purposes.

    The problem with Enthralling Performance is finding a suitable crowd who already likes you enough to listen to your for a full minute in a place where you can put them to a useful purpose without restorting to violence. This might be very easy dependening on the nature of your campaign, but in most DnD campaigns you'll spend long periods isolated from polite society or in locales with sparse populations of friendly humanoids. In campaigns which frequently involve large cities, this could be much more useful, but if you try to solve every problem by inciting a mob of your fans your DM might have the guards run you out of town. Look for opportunities to use this, but don't abuse it.

  3. Mantle of Majesty: There are a number of spells which charm a creature, including Charm Person. By charming a creature and using Command to prevent the creature from using their turn (Drop and Grovel are great options), you can mostly paralyze a creature. Unfortunately, since you don't use a spell slot Command is cast at its minimum spell level and will only affect one creature. This will work great to lock down strong single enemies, but in a fight against a group you probably don't want to use this. The auto-failure effect with Command is also weird since Mantle of Majesty doesn't charm things, so you need to do that part on your own with a different effect..
  4. Unbreakable Majesty: This is an amazing option both defensively and offensively. Make sure to buff your AC or look for other defensive options so that you won't get killed, but you should strongly consider drawing attacks specifically to force this effect on enemies. Disadvantage on saving throws against your spells in the following round means that a well-chosen save-or-suck spell can immediately take the creature out of the fight.

College of LorePHB

College of Lore is for magic and spellcasting-oriented Bards who don't plan to use weapons. The abilities are fantastic and really play to the Bard's function as a Jack of All Trades and to the Bards abilities as a Support class.

  1. Bonus Proficiencies: 3 more skills of your choice brings your class total up to 6. You also get Expertise at this level, so level 3 represents a considerable jump in skill.
  2. Cutting Words: This excludes saving throws, so you can't force enemies to fail save-or-suck saves, but you can use it to protect allies from attacks which barely hit, or from things like the Shove action.
  3. Additional Magical Secrets: Even more spells from a different class! This is especially nice because you get it four levels earlier than other Bards.
  4. Peerless Skill: This has a lot of applications. Combined with Superior Inspiration you could take an inspiration die on every initiative check. You'll want to be careful about using this for skill checks, as that can eat up your uses per day very quickly, and won't be as useful as potentially saving the life of one of your allies.

College of SwordsXGtE

Thematically similar to College of Valor, College of Swords places more emphasis on offense than College of Valor, offering access to Fighting Style and some interesting options with Blade Flourish.

Blade Flourish is the subclass's signature ability, and it's awful. It eats your Bardic Inspiration dice for pitifully weak abilities. If you want similar capabilities, consider a College of Valor Bard with the Martial Adept feat or a few levels of Battlemaster Fighter. This subclass might be viable in games that start at 14th level or above once Master's Flourish comes into play, but in a normal game I don't see this archetype being useful for anything except maybe a gimmicky option in Expertise builds.

  1. Bonus Proficiencies: Medium armor is nice until you get to 18 or 20 Dexterity, but you don't get shields, so your AC won't be as good as a College of Valor Bard. Scimitars are useful if you plan to use two-weapon fighting, which becomes a viable idea thanks to Fighting Style. This class feature also allows you to use weapons in which you are proficient as a spellcasting focus. This is extremely useful when you need to cast spells in the middle of combat.
  2. Fighting Style: An excellent improvement to your offensive abilities with weapons, but it largely locks you into melee combat.
    • Dueling: Bards are spellcasters first, and having a free hand to perform somatic components means that you don't need to constantly juggle one of your weapons to cast a spell which requires Somatic Components but not Material Components. Remember: you can use a hand holding a Focus to perform somatic components only if the spell requires a material component without a listed price.
    • Two-Weapon Fighting: While this presents a considerable boost to your weapon damage output, bards already have several abilities which consume their bonus action, including Bardic Inspiration and some spells.
  3. Blade Flourish: Every flourish applies the Inspiration die roll as extra damage to the creature, but the damage feels like it was thrown on to make this feel more appealing, and I don't think it worked. The effects just aren't good enough to justify spending a Bardic Inspiration die.
    • Defensive Flourish: You never roll more than one die for your Bardic Inspiration, so it's entirely possible that you'll roll a 1. The 1-round duration means that you're spending one of your most scarce resources for an unpredictable, unreliable, and short-lived bonus to AC. If you're desperate for AC, take the Dodge action.
    • Slashing Flourish: It's nice that this applies damage to two creatures, but the damage just isn't good enough to justify spending Inspiration.
    • Mobile Flourish: I would just assume that you won't get more than the base 5 feet of pushing. Generally if an effect doesn't move you a full 5 feet it gets ignored because most people use combat grids.
  4. Extra Attack: A considerable improvement to your damage output with weapons.
  5. Master's Flourish: Blade Flourish is mostly fine, but is hugely limited by your tiny pool of Bardic Inspiration dice in a single day. Allowing you to use it every round, even with a smaller die, makes it a reliable and meaningful part of your actions in any given turn. Unfortunately, you've spent 13 levels limping along before Master's Flourish came along and made you useful.

College of ValorPHB

The martially-minded Bard will prefer the College of Valor. By improving the Bard's ability to wade into melee safely, the Bard can fill nearly every role in a party. If you're in a small party, this is an absolutely fantastic option. However, in a party of 4 or more the Valor Bard's lack of focus will make it hard for the College of Valor Bard to truly shine.

  1. Bonus Proficiencies: Medium armor and a shield will significantly improve your AC. With 14 ore more Dexterity, a breastplate, and a shield, you're looking at a respectable 18 AC, enough to match a fighter in full plate. Half-plate will get you more AC, but you might prefer to avoid the Stealth Disadvantage. If you eventually get to 18 Dexterity, consider switching back to light armor. You also get access to all martial weapons, but you're probably going to want to stick to a Rapier, and all Bards get proficiency with rapiers.
  2. Combat Inspiration: The ability to add the inspiration die to damage is very wasteful. You'll have much better results using it to prevent attacks. This isn't quite as good as the Coolege of Lore's Cutting Words ability, but it allows your allies to make the decision to use the die themselves, which is a nice mental load off of your shoulders.
  3. Extra Attack: Most of the time you'll still want to stick to spells, but with a decent Dexterity your weapon attacks may outpace your Cantrips in terms of reliable damage for a while.
  4. Battle Magic: An excellent use of your Bonus Action since Bards don't have a lot of ways to use them. If you pick up Magic Initiate, and take Booming Blade and/or Green-Flame Blade, you can still manage to make two weapon attacks in a single turn.

College of WhispersXGtE

I wouldn't consider College of Whispers for a normal adventuring campaign, but if your game is heavy on roleplaying and light on common things like dungeon crawling, College of Whispers offers some potentially useful options.

  1. Psychic Blades: Notably, this works with ranged weapons so you're not forced to go swing a rapier. However, the damage is pitiful compared to how useful a Bardic Inspiration die is. You can decide to use this after rolling a critical hit so that you can double the damage dice, but College of Whispers never gets Extra Attack so you're gambling on a single attack each turn with a 5% chance to hit when you could be casting spells instead.
  2. Words of Terror: I'm having trouble thinking of a way to use this with any frequency. It's very difficult to meet the requirements of the ability without a ton of effort to bring it to bear against a suitable humanoid.
  3. Mantle of Whispers: Situational, but it's notably better than options like Disguise Self due to your ability to glean mundane information about the person you're impersonating. I can't think of how many times a disguise has been foiled by something as simple as the assumed identities associates attempting to make small-talk. You could also combine this with Words of Terror to infiltrate somewhere in disguise and get someone talking long enough to make them Frightened before your party jumps out of a clost or something.
  4. Shadow Lore: Once per day you get a somewhat diminished version of Dominate Monster with a 8-hour duration. Charm bosses and force them to give you their treasure. Charm NPCs and force them to reveal plot secrets. Get creative. Unfortunately, you need to share a language with the target, so be sure to cast Tongues beforehand.